We are driven to educate our customers on the details and operations of our efforts to provide information to our visitors, readers and customers. This enables a potential customer to make an informed decision regarding their water purification needs.
The marketplace is filled with seemingly good water filtration/purification systems and technologies (we should know - many of those manufacturers are some of our competitors). Water filtration technologies have dramatically improved in the last 40 years, however some manufacturers producing filters for the the typical 'consumer' market segment do not employ the advances or use them incorrectly by virtue of their corporate mantra of "make it cheap as possible".
First of all, in evaluation of the many and various filtration systems available to the public, delivering the cleanest and purest water to our customers was paramount. We found many systems do not employ multi-stage filtration or use lower quality filtering media, which effectively means that some of the worst toxic offenders are not filtered out, and you may still be drinking some of that bad stuff you need to avoid. That is why we recommend and chose to offer CRYSTAL QUEST® filtration systems, simply because your life and good health is dependent on pure clean water. After the top tier characteristic of maximum filtering effectiveness was met, cost/value and ease of use completes the three main factors in selecting a filter system.
How do you sort through all of the claims about water filters and purifiers?
WE CAN HELP.
Through the following information, we will do our best to provide answers to your most common questions about water, help you to select the most appropriate filter system, discuss the how's, the why's, technical ins-and-outs, provide some comparisons and cost analysis so you can make an informed decision.
We emphatically do not recommend buying cheap water filters from your local "big-box" retail stores. These filters do a poor job removing water contaminants, and they have a short service life-span.
In Good Health,
Whole Water Wellness, Inc.
It's most ironic that many people drink bottled water because they are afraid of tap water, but then the plastic bottles pollute the air, land and water creating a "Crazy Cycle". Clearly, it can be strongly argued that by far, the cheapest-and often the safest-option is to drink water from the tap.
Don't you find it amazing that bottled water, ounce for ounce, can cost more than gasoline and in many cases, is no more pure than plain tap water? Examining the bigger picture, the exponentially growing bottled water industry adds significant costs to the environment - given the amount of energy consumed in processing the water, plastic bottle manufacture and transportation. It is estimated that supplying thirsty Americans with new empty water bottles for one year consumes more than 1.5 million barrels of oil, which is enough to generate electricity for more than 250,000 homes for a year, or enough to fuel 100,000 cars for a year.
If you drink eight glasses of water a day from bottled water, you spend about $2,190 a year. Without question, that is extremely expensive!
Americans have bought into the myth that bottled water is purer and healthier than tap water. This misconception is largely the result of crafty marketing tactics from the bottled water industry, but the truth is that the federal government requires far more rigorous and frequent safety testing of municipal tap water than it does of bottled water. In some cases, beverage companies use misleading labels, including marketing bottled water as natural spring water, or simply not disclose the source of the water.
Don’t be fooled by labels depicting majestic mountains or shimmering bodies of water. In one case, bottled water labeled as "Alaska Premium Glacier Drinking Water: Pure Glacier Water from the Last Unpolluted Frontier" was actually drawn from the Public Water System in Juneau.
Many people may be unaware that almost half of the bottled water sold today comes from municipal tap water supplies. When bottlers are selling municipal water, they are pumping and selling common water resources that belong to the public at nearly 2,500 times the cost of tap water. The Corporations benefit. The communities don't. Sound familiar?
Did you know the two largest selling bottled water brands in the world are filtered and repackaged tap water?
→ Aquafina, a Pepsi product, is municipal water from spots like Wichita, Kansas.
→ Coke's Dasani (with minerals added) is taken from the taps of Queens, New York, Jacksonville, Florida, and elsewhere.
→ Everest bottled water originates from southern Texas, while Yosemite brand is drawn from the Los Angeles suburbs.
→ Ice Mountain, a Nestlé brand, is bottled from an aquifer in Michigan's rural Mecosta County, about 60 miles north of Grand Rapids.
→ WalMart and WalGreens (Nice Water) now have their own brand, which provides them much higher profits than selling other brands.
Besides the fact bottled water is creating mountains of garbage and causes other environmental problems, it is not healthier than tap water. A recent study that tested popular brands of bottled water found 38 different harmful chemicals, including painkillers, fertilizer and arsenic in 10 brands of bottled water. Furthermore, between 1990 and 2010, there were over 100 recalls of bottled water, and of the millions empty water bottles thrown away every year, less than 10% are recycled.
It is highly recommended to read the very informative and comprehensive article published by E/The Environmental Magazine "Despite the Hype, Bottled Water is Neither Cleaner nor Greener than Tap Water".
According to the United States National Resources Defense Council, "An endocrine disruptor is a synthetic chemical that when absorbed into the body either mimics or blocks hormones and disrupts the body's normal functions." Essentially, it alters or inhibits the body's hormonal balance. Bisphenol A (BPA) is one example of an endocrine disruptor that is commonly found in plastic water bottles. This can have a wide range of effects on human health, including altering gene expression and perhaps contributing to cancer and fertility problems. Whole Water Wellness, Inc. calls for urgent action, arguing that the potential dangers of endocrine disruptors be acknowledged immediately.
Most water bottles are made of the oil-derived polyethylene terephthalate, which is known as PET. While PET is less toxic than many plastics, the Berkeley Ecology Center found that manufacturing PET generates more than 100 times the toxic emissions-in the form of nickel, ethylbenzene, ethylene oxide and benzene-compared to making the same amount of glass. In fact, approximately 30 million of used water bottles per day end up as litter, where they can take up to 1,000 years to biodegrade.
Even more surprising and astounding, worldwide, more people have mobile telephones than have access to clean water from the tap!
As a good 'rule of thumb', a household of four people will on average, typically use 1.75 to 2.75 gallons per day for drinking and cooking.
Water just isn't "good for you" --- water burns fat. Water suppresses hunger. Water renews your skin. Just drinking 12 ounces of clean chemical-free water every day can take a few years off your face in a matter of weeks. You will also drop fat, have more energy, and save your kidneys and liver from overworking themselves.
When your kidneys are taxed from too little water, as is the case for many people, your liver has to take over. The liver is your primary fat-burning organ. Do you really want your liver processing liquids and toxins rather than burning fat? Well, grab a glass of clean water, and watch the mirror. Within a few short weeks, the change to your face and body will be noticeable. Feature that!
There is much controversy on the subject of how much water to drink in a day, and when to drink it, so we have provided a few guidelines below. This Mayo Clinic page also offers sensible guidelines.
♦ The idea that everyone should drink "eight glasses" of water every day is one of those urban legends that seems to never go away.
♦ A simple, but good rule is based on your body weight measured in pounds. Divide your body weight (lbs) by 2; this gives the number of ounces (oz.) of clean water you should consume daily. One cup of water = 8 oz. Using this formula, a person weighing 160 lbs should drink 80 oz of water, or 10 cups daily.
♦ Another good rule is to use the color of your urine. When properly hydrated, your urine should be clear, or nearly clear. Dehydration causes your urine to become darker and stronger smelling and bowel movements tend to be harder and more difficult to pass.
♦ Although water is used for flushing toxins from the body, you don't want to "water down" to the point that good nutrients are also washed out of the body.
♦ It is unwise to drink too much water at any time, so spread it throughout the day. Drinking too much water at meal times will dilute the hydrochloric acid in your stomach affecting its protein-digesting ability.
♦ Add something "zingy" to the water to make it more palatable and enticing. A slice of lemon or lime provide antioxidants and break down to alkalizing minerals in the body. A splash of raw apple cider vinegar adds multiple health benefits.
♦ Drink a glass of water first thing upon waking - your body has been busy working all night restoring your body and will thank you. Doing this will also help get rid of that morning breath. Adding the juice of a lemon to your morning glass of water will activate the liver to release toxins and helps to cleanse and move the roughage that stays behind in your intestines. Health Benefits of Drinking Lemon Water and 12 Benefits of Lemon Water.
♦ Keep a supply of toxin-free and chemical-free water on hand at all times. Use safe (BPA free) plastic storage containers made with Polypropylene (designated "#5 PP"), High-density Polyethylene (designated "#2 HDPE") or Low-density Polyethylene (designated "#4 LDPE")
Simply stated, your body depends on clean water to perform its countless daily functions. Overall, the body is 70 percent water, but your skin, the body's largest organ, is 80 percent water, your blood is 84 percent water, the brain is 75 percent water and the lymph is 94 percent. Your body's ability to shed excess fat, maintain the skin's elasticity, transport oxygen and nutrients, and to regulate all daily functions depend on the quantity and QUALITY of the water you use.
In very small levels, the toxins found in drinking water supplies are not lethal. However, consuming them for long periods of time will cause them to accumulate in the body, causing chronic health problems later on in life. This is why they are known as the silent killers.
The more stress, pollutants, and toxins your body encounters each and every day, the more clean water it needs for detoxification.
Your children need clean, healthy water just as much, or even more so than an adult. Children need up to three times as much water per pound of body weight than adults. As their immune systems are not yet fully developed, any toxin, chemicals and pollutants in the water have a much greater impact on their health. Researchers are now increasingly suspecting the toxins and chemicals in drinking water as one cause for the exploding rise in autism and ADHD. WHOLE WATER WELLNESS strongly suggests packing clean water you trust from home with your children to school.
WHY do so many people spend so much time and money getting rid of Chlorine and other toxins from their drinking water, but completely ignore it in their shower and baths?
What is Water? Water is the most studied material on Earth. Do we really know the secrets of this miraculous element... With water acting outside all known physical laws, understanding its function and capacities is critical.
Plato equated the icosahedron to water.
Water is an Extraordinary Element. Water is the most abundant molecule on Planet Earth, and is also the most useful molecule. In technical terms, water (H2O) is composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom held together by covalent bonds at a unique 104° angle. There are few molecules more stable and difficult to decompose than H2O. Physicists and chemists have thoroughly studied water, but for whatever reasons, many of liquid water's unique properties remain mysterious. For example, why does water disappear through evaporation, why is ice so slippery, and how is that water is the only substance that can exist as a liquid, a gas and a solid (ice) at the same time. Water is considered the "universal solvent" in that it will erode, dissolve or absorb all other elements, including pollutants and toxins. Water is also a powerful and natural cleanser.
An individual water molecule is unique, just as each snowflake when viewed under a microscope exhibit its own unique and perfect geometric structure. If a snowflake is melted and then refrozen under the same natural conditions, it will reform back into the exact same snowflake. The snowflake remembers what it is, and so does a water molecule, however the information content in the water molecule is changed by interaction with chemical toxins and other pollutants. With this insight, water possesses memory, stores information and is a carrier of energy and vibrations. Water that is exposed to pollutants carry negative and destructive particles/energies, which are then absorbed by all cells in the body. Over periods of time, this lays the foundation for chronic illness and disease.
All water that exists circulates around the planet and has done so for millions of years.
Therefore, all water we use and consume is recycled with recent research indicating water has a memory and possess different chemical properties depending on its history of travel. Depending on the travel path of water, the pollutants, compounds and chemicals it mixes with change its ionic properties, which in turn affect taste, smell, pH level, microorganism content, mineral content and "information content".
Indeed, water is a very interesting substance that has "mystical memory" characteristics as indicated by Nobel scientists from the Aerospace Institute in Stuttgart and shown in this short 3 minute video.
Water – just a liquid or much more? Many researchers are convinced that water is capable of “memory” by storing information and characteristics from the environment it comes in contact with.
A truly amazing video revealing that water is simply not a liquid to be taken for granted. The research suggests pollutants impart negative qualities onto the water molecule, and when the pollutants are removed, the water responds accordingly with no history of being damaged by pollutants. Consequently, it can be concluded that good filtration techniques can and will restore water to a state as nature originally intended.
Original source: OASIS HD™
The prominent Japanese scientist Dr. Marasu Emoto (July 22, 1943 – October 17, 2014) conducted experiments that clearly demonstrate the memory of water and that it also carries information. Dr. Emoto performed a series of experiments observing the physical effects of words, prayers, music and environment (pollutants) on the crystalline structure of water. The results were truly remarkable. Water is a MULTI-DIMENSIONAL LIQUID CRYSTAL.
Dr. Emoto said: “To understand water is to understand the cosmos, the marvels of nature and life itself.”
Many people claim Emoto's experiments was a fraud, but the experiments have been conducted multiple times and replicated by some highly respected individuals in the field of science. Correlating experiments were conducted at the Institute for Noetic Sciences (IONS) and Adjunct Faculty at Sonoma State University. You can read more about these experiments here, and download the .PDF published paper. In addition, from the research work of Viktor Schauberger, an Austrian inventor, he also found that indeed water has a memory, and that this memory can be restored.
In the image above taken from The Hidden Messages of Water by Dr. Masaru Emoto, you can see water that has been subjected to 6 of the solfeggio frequencies and then frozen. Each beautiful crystal demonstrates the purity and beauty of these frequencies.
You are made up of ≈ 70% water - so imagine how these frequencies effect you.
Over two-thirds (about 72%) of the Earth's surface is water with some estimations that there are roughly 335,500,000 cubic miles of water on the planet. Meanwhile, very little of this water is drinkable, as 96% of the Earth's water is salt water. Of the remaining freshwater, more than 68% lies within glaciers and ice, and approximately 30% of fresh water is under ground. This leaves just about 1% of the freshwater on the surface. Freshwater sources, such as rivers and lakes only constitute about 1/150th of one percent of total water, which means, of the total water on Earth, nearly all of it is not readily usable by humans. Yet, as pollution levels increase, rivers and lakes are the sources of most of the water people use everyday.
We all think or have heard the phrase "water is water" and take it for granted since it is the most abundant molecule on Earth and readily flows from our kitchen or bath taps. However, realizing how little water is actually available for drinking and acknowledging the issue of water pollution, it can easily be seen that water is simply NOT "water is water", which in turn can certainly affect health and wellness. Perhaps it can now be understood why water purification is necessary and not a luxury. As a result of people becoming more health conscious and realizing how precious water really is may explain the huge popularity of bottled water, but bottled water is nothing more than expensive recycled water.
Fortunately, highly effective and inexpensive water filtration methods and techniques are available to everyone. So, why don't most households have their own private water filtration system? In our opinion, we presume the majority of people still think "water is water" taking the purity of their tap water for granted when they shouldn't, and are probably not aware or informed about the direct connection between pure water and good health.
The most common methods of water treatment for home use includes reverse osmosis (RO), distillation, carbon filtration, microfiltration, ultrafiltration and ultraviolet light sterilization. In recent decades, a combination of the above processes have come into use to produce water of such high purity that its trace contaminants are measured in parts per billion (ppb).
All filters use a substance that traps, absorbs or modifies the pollutants from the incoming water. The "active" substance inside a filter is normally called the medium or media. There are many different types of filter media by which some work by mechanically trapping, others work by attracting and capturing pollutants by its electrical charge, and others use the absorption method in which pollutants are trapped within the tiny microscopic pores of the medium. Although filters can be very effective in removing pollutants, they all have a single common or similar weakness. Over time, the trapped or absorbed pollutants will either clog the media, or the media will loose its electro-mechanical properties resulting in an eventual filter replacement. With all the trapped or absorbed pollutants, the media can also be a good place for the growth of microorganisms which may be a health concern, but generally represent no immediate risk. This is why the best water filters use a combination of filter mediums to overcome the weakness of any single media, and are typically called Multi-Stage filters.
Other methods of treating water involve aeration, deionization, and ozonation but are not well suited to home use due to cost, physical space or complexity. However, ozonation is quite suitable for use with spas, hot tubs and swimming pools.
Sediment filters are used for removing dirt, sand and other particles that contribute to what as seen as "cloudy" water. The better sediment filters use a pleated construction and generally out perform wound string, spun, melt blown (foam) or resin bonded types. A filter employing pleated construction functions better for home use because of its larger surface area to provide longer life. Generally, sediment filters work by the simple mechanical sieve action. Sediment filters have different gradients or sieve sizes. They are rated by the smallest sized particle it can trap. Sediment filters that are used on tap water come in three sieve sizes of 5, 10 and 20 microns. A good 5-micron pleated filter will give complete protection for other stages of a purification system, and is usually the first stage of a whole house system. The pleated construction type is preferred because the wound string or foam types tend to support bacterial growth, whereas with the continuous flow of water across the pleated element creates a flushing action and does not support bacterial growth.
Nearly all drinking water filters use carbon as the main or primary filtration method. Carbon filters are typically used to remove a wide variety of chemical pollutants and are very effective on organic chemicals (VOC's) such as herbicides, pesticides, industrial chemicals and are effective in removing Chlorine, bad tastes, smells and radon. A good quality carbon filter can remove 80 to 99 percent of the organic chemicals, but when used on tap water, the Chlorine will deplete the carbon's effectiveness rather quickly resulting in frequent cartridge changes. The best carbon filters will be combined with a bacteria growth inhibitor. In particular, with the Crystal Quest® multi-stage carbon filters, the incorporation of ERA-6500 and ERA-9500 (KDF) inhibits bacteria growth but is also highly effective in removing Chlorine so as the carbon is not depleted by Chlorine and allows for a much longer service life of the filter.
Activated carbon is the type of carbon used in water filters, however, there are various forms of activated carbon. Not all activated carbon for use in water filters is created equal and will yield filtering effectiveness ranging from acceptable to excellent and widely varying service lifetimes.
Activated carbon is manufactured by heating Wood, Coal, or Coconut Shells in a special process that creates millions of microscopic pores. It is these pores that attract and trap the pollutants. Activated carbon made from Coconut Shells is considered the best, and any buyer of a water purifier that uses activated carbon should only select a filter made with Coconut Shell carbon, as it has a longer service span, is very effective and uniform in its purifying capabilities, and be compliant the California Prop 65 guidelines. Crystal Quest® products are Coconut Shell based in all filtration systems and in full compliance with California Proposition 65.
There are two forms or composition of activated carbon. They are granular and block, with the block type commonly referred to as being solid, or solid carbon block. With the granular type, the carbon granules are about the size of coarse sand, and the block type is a finely powdered carbon that has been bound together and compressed to form a rigid solid.
Specifically, Coconut Shell becomes activated by creating numerous microscopic pores in the charcoal. One method of accomplishing this is to heat the Coconut Shell for several hours in a special kiln or furnace at 1650-2300 degrees F (900-1260 C) and pass steam through it. This process removes hydrocarbons and other volatile substances, creating a complex network of pores, capillaries and fissures. The carbon is then crushed into small granules.
Activated carbon Coconut Shell is a highly efficient medium for absorption and is used in gas masks, water filters, air filters and even used as a medicine.
The effectiveness of carbon filtration depends on several factors. The most important factor is the amount of time the water is in contact with the carbon, with a slower flow being more effective. The second factor is the density of the carbon (carbon block is denser than granulated carbon). The amount or quantity of carbon is another important factor that determines how effective the filter functions and for how long. Certainly, a larger filter will be more effective and last longer. When considering a home water purifier, the manufacturer or seller should provide the filters capabilities for both the gallon capacity and service life times. Obviously, the service life times depends on the amount of water that has passed through the filter and the amount of pollutants contained in the in-flow water. View a chart of contaminants removed by activated carbon.
The importance of bathing or showering with filtered water can NOT be overly emphasized. The primary purpose of a shower water filter is to remove chlorine and its by-products from the shower.
Now, this is a big deal - because...
everything you put on your skin is absorbed into your body and ends up in your bloodstream.
The medical world already knows this. That's why you're seeing so many medications available now in patch form.
In a lifetime, approximately 50 pounds of toxic wastes can enter the body from drinking water and at least 450 pounds can enter the body through skin absorption.
The same way your skin soaks up the medicine in those patches, it absorbs all of the chemicals, heavy metals, pharmaceutical residues, and toxic disinfectant by-products commonly found in municipal water supplies. Particularly, two by-products of chlorine disinfection, trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs), have been determined to be carcinogenic. And that can cause health problems for you down the road.
But that's not all...
Chlorine gas was despicably used during WW 1. When the war was over, the use of chlorine was diverted to poisoning germs in our drinking water. The use of chlorine (when in drinking/bathing water) results in arteriosclerosis, heart attacks, irritation of the upper respiratory tract and lungs (asthma) over time. (See the book by Dr. J.M. Price, “Coronaries/Cholesterol/Chlorine”, Jove Book, Alta Enterprises, 1969). Arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular disease is not the result of high cholesterol levels, but the ubiquitous chlorine in our drinking water. In fact, arteriosclerosis was virtually unheard of until about 1906 when chlorination of the water supplies began.
Acute (short-term) exposure to high levels (>30 ppm) of chlorine in humans results in chest pain, vomiting, toxic pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and death. At lower level, (< 3 ppm), chlorine is a potent irritant to the eyes, the upper respiratory tract, and lungs.
Chloramine is a toxic by-product when ammonia is added to drinking water. It is only meant to be used in an emergency to destroy Cryptosporidium as a secondary disinfectant, but it is used by many States as the primary disinfectant. Chloramine is a genotoxin, meaning DNA destruction and is also mutagenic, meaning it causes tissue mutations. Chloramine cannot be boiled out of the water and can kill fish in hobby tanks. Collateral health damage occurs in humans when chloramine interacts with certain medicines, such as, antidepressants.
Activated carbon is an excellent filtration media, however, carbon is a low temperature (50° - 80° F) media that becomes less effective at the normal shower water (90° - 105° F) temperatures. A new technology filtration media, Kinetic Degradation Fluxion (KDF 55 & KDF 85) makes effective chlorine removal shower filters possible. Due to the development of this high temperature, catalytic filtration media, shower water filters work on warm to hot water. The typical KDF Redox reaction process is: rendering chlorine harmless.
Think of a shower filter being a super-duty drinking water filter, as a drinking water filter typically filters about ½ gallon per minute (GPM) compared to the 2.5 gallons per minute (5 times greater) demand of a shower filter. For this reason, a shower filter must compact 12x the KDF and high quality coconut shell activated carbon into a small disposable/replaceable cartridge.
The manufacturer of a well designed and shower or bath water filter will have invested a great amount of time to produce a reliable, long life-span filter utilizing both the KDF and the carbon filtration medias. Shower filter pricing varies widely, with some vendors using an off-the-shelf product, re-branding it and increasing the price by three-fold. We at Whole Water Wellness simply find that to be "highway robbery". Some shower filters on the market may include far-infrared ceramic/magnetic balls with carbon filtration media claiming a "Zen-like" shower experience, We can only advise "Buyer Beware" and remember the primary purpose of a shower filter is in removing Chlorine along with its toxic by-products. We offer highly effective shower filters with a useful 1-year service life span at a value price of about $40, and invite you to view our bath & shower product offerings to see for yourself.
The fluoride added to 90% of drinking water is fluorosilicic acid, also known as hydrofluorosilicic acid, which is a compound of fluorine that is a chemical byproduct of aluminum, steel, cement, phosphate, and nuclear weapons manufacturing. Hydrofluorosilicic acid is the diluted version of fluorosilicic acid that is commonly added to drinking water supplies.
Hydrofluoric acid is used to refine high octane gasoline, to make fluorocarbons and chlorofluorocarbons for freezers and air conditioners, and to manufacture computer screens, fluorescent light bulbs, semiconductors, plastics, herbicides, and toothpaste. About 70 to 75 percent of this stuff comes from the Cargill fertilizer manufacturing company.
Fluorosilicic acid is so dangerous, cleanups must be done by qualified crews that are properly protected in hazardous material suits. It is completely illegal to dump this toxic substance in any natural body of water anywhere in the country. However, if it is placed in a container, in either powdered or liquid form, and sold to water utilities, it magically becomes a product that can then be placed in municipal drinking water anywhere in the United States.
Dr. J. William Hirzy, EPA scientist, is reported to have said, “If the stuff gets out into the air, it’s a pollutant; if it gets into the river, it’s a pollutant, if it gets into a lake, it’s a pollutant; but if it goes right straight into your drinking water system, it’s not a pollutant. That’s amazing!”
Fortunately, in recent years, two new kinds of filter media have been developed to remove dissolved toxic metals and Fluoride compounds from tap water.These relatively new medias are activated alumina (synthetic alumina crystals) and the reduction/oxidation (KDF) media commonly called Redox. Although other treatment methods for purification, such as Reverse Osmosis and Distillers remove toxic metals and Fluoride, the newly developed medias of alumina and Redox make this task simpler and less costly. The Redox and alumina filters are important and very useful additions to drinking water filtration systems.
Activated alumina is made of aluminum oxide (alumina; Al2O3), the same chemical substance as sapphire and rubies (but without the impurities that give those gems their color). It has a very high surface-area-to-weight ratio. That means it has a lot of very small pores, like tunnels, that run throughout it. This material can have a surface area significantly over square meters per gram. As water flows through this highly porous material, it adsorbs and traps the poisons.
The activated alumina media consists of a compound that strongly attracts and traps dissolved toxic metals such as lead, and has proven to be very effective in removing the toxic Fluoride chemicals from tap water. See our research information about toxic Fluoride here. Although the activated alumina media is quite effective for removing certain pollutants, such as Fluoride, Fluorine, Lead, Arsenic, Selenium and Sulfur, it does not remove Chlorine, microorganisms or organic chemicals (VOC's).
KDF is an acronym for the Kinetic Degradation Fluxion process that is more commonly known as a REDOX process. The reduction/oxidation (REDOX) process or KDF filtering process consists of two dissimilar metals which creates an electro-chemical exchange reaction. The two dissimilar metals used are high-purity Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn) in a granular form. When water flows though a Redox type of filter, the KDF media act as catalysts to change unwanted contaminants into harmless elements by exchanging electrons between molecules.
Technically, KDF is sub-divided into two types, which are KDF-55 and KDF-85, and are frequently used in conjunction with granulated activated charcoal (GAC) into a filter cartridge.
The KDF-55 media (ERA-6500) is specifically designed to remove Chlorine, Lead and other water-soluble heavy metals. It also controls scale, bacteria and algae, even in hot water such as in shower and bath filtering applications.
The KDF-85 (ERA-9500) media removes Chlorine and significantly reduces iron and hydrogen sulfide (bad smells and tastes) from water supplies. It also controls scale, bacteria and algae.
KDF effectively destroys bacteria, most parasites and some viruses; it removes lead, iron, mercury and other heavy metals; and some fluoride; and it changes chlorine into harmless compounds.
The KDF media has various granular sizing from very fine to coarse, and a properly designed filter will use the appropriate granular size for low-flow applications such as a kitchen drinking water filter, and for high-flow applications such as a shower or whole house system, the coarse size is used.
The single most critical aspect of water filter performance is the relationship between flow rate and the surface area of the filtration mediums. Inaccurate sizing is the most common reason for ineffective and/or poor service life cycles.
For the above reason, our CRYSTAL QUEST® family of water filters are carefully designed with the correct amount and granular sizing of KDF in combination with Coconut Shell GAC to yield highly effective and long lasting water filtration systems. The KDF media and GAC material used in CRYSTAL QUEST® filters are certified by the International NSF/ANSI Standard 42 and meet California Prop 65. The KDF (ERA-6500 and ERA-9500) media also meet the EPA and FDA standards for maximum limits of copper and zinc in potable water.
A big advantage of the Redox process, is that it does not accumulate the pollutants, and extends the life of granular activated carbon (GAC) while protecting the carbon bed from bacterial growth.
Redox and activated carbon together make a great team. When the Redox media precedes the carbon, taking care of bacteria and chlorine, this extends carbon's useful life and frees it to be more effective in removing organic compounds of concern such as pesticides and other petrochemicals. If another compound called "Alumina" is also included, it will greatly enhance the removal of fluoride from city water along with any arsenic that may present.
Other good reasons to use Redox (KDF) and carbon in conjunction is these media types are very economical, and the Redox (KDF) combination creates a much longer-lasting filter that would not need to be changed as often.
From our biology class, we learned that Osmosis is the process in which molecules, typically water and nutrients, pass through the thin membrane of a living cell. It is the difference in the concentration of molecules from one side to the other that causes the molecules to pass through the membrane to achieve equalization on both sides of the cell membrane.
Simply stated, with the Reverse Osmosis process, water is forced through a semi-impermeable membrane leaving the impurities behind.
A Reverse Osmosis (RO) water purification unit employs a semi-permeable synthetic membrane with pores just large enough to pass water molecules but too small for other pollutants. The RO membrane is the heart of any reverse osmosis system, and a state-of-the-art membrane consists of a thin film composite (TFC) synthetic material, that since about 2000-2001 was it only feasible to manufacture inexpensive quality membranes. The membrane is positively sealed and encased with an outer housing for a complete, easily replaceable element.
A break-out diagram of a modern state-of-the-art TFC membrane is shown to the left. It can be seen the membrane itself is quite complex, but thanks for advanced manufacturing techniques, these membranes are of high quality and inexpensive allowing for household usage on a wide scale. With proper pre-filtartion as used in the best multi-stage systems, the membrane can be used 3-4 years before replacement is required. A cellulose acetate (CA) is another type of RO membrane, but the TFC membranes perform better and last longer.
It is the water pressure that forces molecules through the membrane. The process is called reverse osmosis because, instead of the molecules equalizing the concentrations on both sides of the membrane, the water pressure creates pure water on one side and a concentrate of the pollutants on the other side. The concentrate of pollutants, or the waste is plumbed to the drain, while the permeate, or the pure water is normally directed to a small holding tank and ready for drinking. Because reverse osmosis is a slow process, they are rated for the Gallons Per Day (GPD) of pure water they can produce. Since a RO unit is dependent on water pressure to work, the GPD rating is usually specified at 60 pounds per square inch (PSI), and the lower the water pressure, the slower the unit works. If household water pressure is below 35psi, a small special booster pump can be added, but these cases are fairly rare, especially for homes supplied by municipal water.
Reverse osmosis units are especially known for the ultra-pure water they produce, as they can remove (if designed correctly) all contamination including radioisotopes, but in practice they do not remove all microorganisms and bacteria. A well designed RO unit will employ multiple stages of pre-filtration, such as a sediment and carbon/KDF filter before the RO membrane which allows the membrane to be more effecient and have a service life of several years. A good and well designed RO unit will typically cost between $275 and $600 and perform without trouble for many years.
Budget systems from home improvement stores often show drastically reduced performance in as little as six months. Reverse Osmosis systems from other sellers, manufacturers, or other websites will advertise their system produces 100% pure water, but their selling price is 2 or 3 times greater and no independent lab tests are provided to verify the sometimes absurd claims. We highly recommend to read the fine print, do some product research and compare.
However, there are some draw backs with a RO system. Approximately 60% of the incoming water becomes wasted and is flushed down the drain, with the RO unit requiring an additional hook-up to the drain, but is usually not a problem with the under-the-sink systems. A complete and high quality installation kit from the seller, such as the systems offered by WHOLE WATER WELLNESS, should come with all the necessary tubing, connection valves, installation manual and a separate faucet. Another disadvantage is that a RO unit will also remove the beneficial minerals from the water and produce water that is slightly acidic with a pH of 4.5 to 5.5. This does not pose any health risk, but a reputable manufacturer/seller will offer an optional mineralizer/oxidation cartridge to easily correct the issue. Also, because of the lower pH, RO water should only be stored in glass containers. There can also be some installation restrictions with RO units. They should not be installed on a private well system unless the water has been disinfected, as the RO membrane will accumulate the bacteria (bio-film) and become clogged rather quickly. Also, unless proper pre-filtration is employed, high levels of dissolved solids (TDS) will adversely affect the membrane. It should also be noted that a water test must be done before a RO unit can be properly used on private well water. For that matter, private well water must always be tested at least once a year to determine its contamination types and concentration levels.
Redox and carbon together with a well designed Reverse Osmosis system, especially a RO unit that can be equipped with a pH correcting remineralizing/alkalizer stage, will provide excellent chemical free, bacteria and parasite free drinking and cooking water at a very economical cost with a minimum of maintenance. Overall, this method is superior to any other choice and can easily be integrated into any household or restaurant.
While distillation is a simple proven method of removing pollutants from water and probably yields some of the highest water purity, but does not necessarily provide the best quality of water for human consumption. Distillers boil the water producing steam. The steam is then cooled and condensed back into water. This process leaves behind much of the minerals and ionic elements that gives water its nutritional benefit and its natural taste. There are two types of pollutants that distillers do not remove very well or even makes it worse. Volatile organic compounds/chemicals (VOC's) evaporate quite easily making it difficult to separate them from the condensed water. Since distillers boil the water, Nitrates become more intensified through the high heat, which effectively increases the concentration level of Nitrate.
Water to be distilled must be subjected to high heat and requires a lot of electrical energy, making them very inefficient and costly to operate. Although reverse osmosis is a slow process, distillation is a VERY slow process that typically takes two to six hours to produce a single gallon of distilled water. Since distillers have electrical components, it could mean the unit is more prone to malfunctioning that might require expensive replacement parts. Setting the draw-backs of distillers aside, there are good and legitimate purposes for distilled water, such as steam irons, radiators and automotive engine cooling systems because there are no minerals to cause scale build up. Distilled water can easily be purchased at the local food market for these specialized applications.
Although DISTILLERS can be an excellent choice, a high quality unit designed to last for decades is VERY expensive. Cheap counter-top distillers don't last and are a bother to keep clean. Distilled water is available at most every grocery store for about $1/gallon for those who wish to consume only distilled water.
Most naturopaths and holistic nutritionists don't like distilled water because they say it leaches minerals from the bones and teeth. In general, that seems logical, although it may not make any difference unless the person is extremely malnourished.
The truth is, no formal studies comparing distilled with mineral water have been done, so it's all pretty much theoretical.
Water Filtration Vs Distillation
Water filtration involves passing water through a membrane such as a carbon filter in order to remove impurities. It is perhaps the quickest and easiest way to get clean water, but some methods are far more effective than others. Water distillation involves boiling water inside a still. The water will evaporate upwards into a glass tube that funnels the vapor down into another pot where it cools and reverts back to liquid. Bacteria, sediment and other impurities are left behind in the boiling pot. This method ensures extremely pure water and even removes Fluoride. It is important to remember that Fluoride can be removed by distilling water, but not by simply boiling the water.
Although distillation yields a very high quality pure water, modern carbon filters and reverse osmosis systems are also quite effective in removing chemicals at significant less cost and deliver clean water on demand without the long wait for a distillation system to yield the clean water.
Treating water using an ultraviolet irradiation sterilization system is a low-cost way to kill germs, bacteria and viruses in your water supply. Once installed, the system requires little to no maintenance. UV water treatment does NOT remove Fluoride or other chemicals from the water, but it can be used in combination with reverse osmosis, carbon & sediment filters, or with a whole house filter system.
Ultraviolet sterilizers are designed for the single specific purpose of disinfecting water and do not remove other pollutants. The single purpose of Ultraviolet (UV-C) radiation is to kill bacteria and other pathogens, and UV radiation is known to be highly effective in killing bacteria and pathogens (Please view our UV Dosage Database). However, it must be noted that UV cannot kill pathogens with hard shell coverings, such as giardia cysts.
UV Light Sterilizers operate at the critical 253.7 nm wavelength. They are efficient, highly effective, reliable, kill pathogens immediately and have a long (9,000 hour) lamp life.
UV systems work by disrupting and breaking apart the microorganisms DNA & RNA preventing them from reproducing and kills them. The process is immediate, requires no holding tanks and takes nothing away from the water, except for the undesired pathogens. Although many food manufacturers and pharmaceutical companies use UV systems because of their reliability and efficiency, household UV systems are receiving some popularity as the cost of the technology has significantly fallen in recent years and consume much less electrical power than a distiller.
A major advantage of UV treatment is that it is capable of disinfecting water faster than chlorine without cumbersome retention tanks or adding harmful chemicals to your drinking water. They are environmentally and user friendly with no dangerous chemicals to handle. By eliminating chemicals being added to the water supply - no byproducts, (i.e. chlorine + organics = trihalomethanes) are present. UV Sterilization has the specific advantages of high effectiveness, environmentally friendly, no byproducts, and very low operational costs.
Applications include post under-sink water filters, post whole house water filters, water coolers, pre and post reverse osmosis systems, private wells, camp grounds, hotels, bottlers, aquaculture, hospitals, food processing, restaurants, breweries, laboratories, marine, pharmaceutical, dairies and many other uses.
With very reasonable costs and high reliability, restaurants, cafeterias and coffee shops have started to deploy UV units for their health safety benefits. The UV lamp of a good unit will be enclosed in a quartz glass tube, and will have lamp failure alarms along with other status monitoring indicators so the unit can be serviced in a prompt manner.
Perhaps the biggest downside of UV units is that they must always be used in conjunction with pre-filtration such as carbon and redox, as the dirt and pollutants in unfiltered water will diminish the UV light intensity reducing its effectiveness. A UV unit should always be used as the last stage in a multi-stage water purification system.
If you are on a municipal water system (chlorinated tap water) in the U.S., chances are you will not need a UV light with one of our Multi-Stage filters or Thunder RO Systems. If you are on private well water, or if the water source is suspected to be unsafe and want to have extra protection, then you can add a UV light to ensure safe drinking water. But remember to only use a UV light with the poper flow capacity to match with your application.
If you own or operate a restaurant with drink dispensing machines, or a food market with water misters in the produce department, installing a UV light will provide extra protection against water borne virus and bacteria that can accumulate and grow inside the machine or cause the produce to deteriorate quicker. In these types of UV light applications, cleaning frequency is reduced and produce will last longer, which reduces maintenance, reduces spoiled produce and increases profits.
WOW, if you drink eight glasses of water a day from bottled water, in the U.S. you would spend about $2,190 a year. With such astronomical costs entailed with the retail purchase of bottled water, it can clearly be seen the purchasing and installation of a high quality filter system is quite easily justified while depositing the savings into your bank account.
Our Multi-Stage and RO drinking water systems come with filter cartridges that can process about 5,000 - 10,000 gallons of tap water. For an active household of 4 people that use 5 gallons per day (GPD) for drinking and cooking, we calculate this would last you more than one year before cartridge replacement is needed. Even if you do not use that much water per day, for your own good health we recommend and encourage changing the filters once every 12 or 15 months. Because our RO systems employ substantial pre-filtration, the TFC membrane will last for 3 - 4 years before replacement is needed.
Our Multi-Stage Shower Filters can process approximately 20,000 - 25,000 gallons of tap water. The normal average single shower duration will consume about 30 - 35 gallons, and taking into account some people shower a couple times per day, this yields more than one year of service life at a cost of about $0.023 per shower.
Bottled water is both wasteful and expensive. Bottled water can cost from $2.50 per gallon and upwards of $12.00 per gallon, with a typical average cost of $4.75 per gallon. Again, considering a household that uses 5 gallons per day, and the initial capital cost of one of our state-of-the-art Multi-Stage carbon filter systems being around $150.00, we calculate $0.08 per gallon for the first year of ownership, and about $0.05 per gallon in subsequent years. Using the more conservative figure of $2.50 per gallon and 5 gallons per day, this yields an annual cost around $4,560. In the first year alone, at $0.08 per gallon using one of our best carbon filtration systems, a substantial savings of about $4,438 can be seen.
With one of our Thunder RO systems, and assuming the same water usage per day and bottled water costs from above, and a RO system capital cost of $300.00, we calculate the RO filtered water would cost $0.16 per gallon in the first year of ownership, and about $0.12 per gallon in subsequent years. Again, having your own in-home filtration system makes perfect economic sense.
Our Conclusions and Final Analysis
It is now known and established water Fluoridation is based on fraudulent data, disinformation and "junk science" which can certainly cause chronic ill-health after years of consumption as the Fluoride compounds bio-accumulate in the body.
Infants and children are at high risk for nervous system and endocrine damage in their early years by consuming and absorbing the chemicals in ordinary tap water. Likewise, Chlorine is now known to be a major contributor to cardiovascular disease, and must be removed from your water before consumption, especially in the shower and bath.
The best way to protect your family from the detrimental health effects of the increasingly wide range of contaminants found in today’s tap water is by installing one of our top quality Multi-Stage Carbon or Multi-Stage Reverse Osmosis drinking water systems, and when coupled with a shower or bath filter, your health and wellness is improved for significantly less money than most people would expect.
The use of natural and organic soaps and household cleaning products is also highly recommended to greatly reduce harmful chemical toxins in your household environment. In conjunction with a high quality shower filter, the use of natural soap and shampoo in the shower will especially reduce the harmful chemicals from being absorbed through the skin and entering the bodies blood stream.
With good health and wellness as OUR priority, there is no known SUBSTITUTE for pollutant free water.
Our drinking water purification systems are easy to install, usually being a DIY project, and are simple to maintain that save hundreds of dollars per year when compared to bottled water.
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